Engelbart: “Augmenting Human Intellect”. “By “augmenting human intellect” we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex. C. Engelbart, and William K. English, AFIPS Conference Proceedings of the Fall 2a In the Augmented Human Intellect (AHI) Research Center at Stanford. Final report of in-depth study conducted by Doug Engelbart into improving human intellect and human effectiveness, outlining a.

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There is a new profession of trail blazers, those who find delight in the task of establishing useful trails through the enormous mass of the common record.

Intelligence amplification – Wikipedia

For this, Engelbart underline the importance of start augment the human collective capability to solve complex tasks to developing new means for approach this purpose. If there is any one thing upon which this ‘intelligence depends’ it would seem to be organization.

Can we think of characteristics that mean a small change will have an especially large impact? Engelbart is always pulled different capabilities that exist throughout the hierarchy system with his inventions and the consequences of his thought the described before.

Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework

It is also important to realize humzn we must be oriented to the synthesis imtellect new capabilities from reorganization of other capabilities, both old and new, that exist throughout the hierarchy calling for a “system-engineering” approach. Indeed this process characterizes the sort of evolution that our intellect-augmentation means have been undergoing since the first human brain appeared.

The computer can transform back and forth between the two-dimensional portrayal on the screen, of some limited view of the total structure, and the aspect of the n-dimensional internal image that represents this “view.

It is the augmentation means that serve to break down a large problem in such a way that the human being can walk through it with his little steps, and it is the structure or organization of these little steps or actions that we discuss as process hierarchies. In the limit of what we might now imagine, this could be a computer, with which we could communicate rapidly and easily, coupled to a three-dimensional color display within which it could construct extremely sophisticated images—with the computer being able to execute a wide variety of processes upon parts or all of these images in automatic response to human direction.


This will probably allow you to accommodate the extra burden associated with, for instance, keeping and using special files whose contents are both contributed to and utilized by any current work in a flexible manner—which in turn enables you to devise and use even-more complex procedures to better harness your talents in your particular working situation.

Remember me on this computer. The means available to humans today for developing and manipulating these symbol structures are both laborious and inflexible. Suppose that our young technology of a few generations ago had developed an artifact that was essentially a high speed, semi-automatic table-lookup device—cheap enough for almost everyone to afford and small and light enough to be carried on the person.

Again, special processes are often designed to accommodate this exchange. Someone deeply committed with bad tools is often much more effective than someone uncommitted who has great tools.

My successive actions throughout my working day are meant to cooperate toward a certain over-all professional goal. We refer to a way of life in an integrated domain where hunches, cut-and-try, intangibles, and the human “feel for a situation” usefully co-exist with powerful concepts, streamlined terminology and notation, sophisticated methods, and high-powered electronic aids.

It is an interesting trail, pertinent to the discussion. This brings us to the fourth category of structuring, process structuring.

He views problem solving as being all about information handling: The term intelligence amplification IA has enjoyed a wide currency since William Ross Ashby wrote of “amplifying intelligence” in his Introduction to Cybernetics When he has finished, the revised scene appears on the screen. We predict that what actually develops in the new augmentation means will be consistent with our conceptual framework, but that the particulars will be engelart of surprises.

There is a particular concept associated with this process—that of putting information into a formal package and distributing it to a set of people for a certain auvmenting of consideration—and the type of information package associated with this concept has been given the special name of memorandum. This sort of “view generation” uuman quite feasible with a computer-controlled display system, and represents a very significant capability to build upon.


In other words, I’m riffing on the paper, drawing connections to other work, and asking questions. For Engelbart these means are augmented because they symbolic structures to serve the mental structure.

Intelligence amplification

Help Center Find new research papers in: A change can propagate up through the capability hierarchy; higher-order capabilities that can utilize the initially changed capability can now reorganize to take special advantage of this change and intelledt the intermediate higher-capability changes.

But at the level of the capability hierarchy where we wish to work, it seems useful to us to distinguish several different types of structuring—even though each type is fundamentally a structuring of the basic physical processes. If it were so very easy to look things up, how would our vocabulary develop, how would our habits of exploring the intellectual domains of others shift, how might the sophistication of practical organization mature if each person can so quickly and easily look up applicable ruleshow would our education system change to take advantage of this new external symbol-manipulation capability of students and teachers and administrators?

Army he Engelbart use the example of an augmented architect at work. Hence, the sub-process capabilities as listed would not be complete without the addition of a seventh capability—what we call the executive capability.

With a “pointer,” he indicates engdlbart points of interest, moves his left hand rapidly over the keyboard, and the distance and elevation between the points indicated appear on the right-hand third of the screen.