Mankind has always had a special thrill in relation to the creations of our imagination and intellect. In General, this is true, because such artifacts distinguish us from animals, and we are proud of:
The oldest extant European book
Which of the extant books is the oldest? It’s a complicated issue, given the fact, the very definition of the word “book” has caused a number of debates. However, it was recognized that the oldest book preserved in perfect condition, is the gospel of St. Cuthbert. This book is leather bound in red, written in the 7th century. In 2012, the British library of London paid her $ 14 million the Belgian congregation of the Jesuits. Its fully digitized version can be found on the Internet. The book is a copy of the gospel of John, written in northeastern England for Saint Cuthbert, and then placed in his coffin. When the Vikings began their first raids on these places, the local monastic community left his abode and together with the coffin of St. Cuthbert moved to Durham. The coffin was opened in 1104, when the construction of a new Church dedicated to this Saint. Since then the book was passed from hand to hand until it came to the Jesuits. Continue reading
The word stained-glass is derived from the Latin vitrum – glass, and later from French vitrage — glazing. The so-called art form, in which the image is applied to the glass or is composed of pieces of colored glass and designed for through light. Most often, stained-glass Windows fill the window openings in temples and cathedrals.
The stained glass Windows of cathedrals in France and Germany consisted of narrative painting, they were an integral part of Gothic churches. On the stained glass of cathedrals was portrayed, as a rule, religious and domestic scenes.
Speaking of the stained glass Windows of the cathedrals of Europe, not to mention the stained glass Windows of St. Vitus Cathedral
in Prague. They impress with their magnificence, diversity, extraordinary colors and cause a true delight — stained glass image is widely presented on Yandex Photos.
As one of the examples of Gothic Church architecture — Chartres Cathedral in France, located 90 km South of Paris. The stained glass Windows of the Cathedral are considered world heritage, for the collection of stained glass is amazing — it is over 150 Windows, the oldest of which were created in the XII century. Most famous are the stained-glass window 1150 of the year “lady of the beautiful glass” and composition “the Tree of Asaeva” Continue reading
I thought that now a lot said and written about Lemuria and Atlantis. They were, they sank in different parts of the world, at different times. But there is another unexplored country which they say is much smaller and, oddly enough, even though she has not sunk, but we know very little about it. Was she actually? If was, where? What were the mores and customs? What kind of people lived in it? And a lot of other issues in which I propose to deal in this thread.
Hyperborea, a mythical Northern ancient civilization, the mother of all living peoples. A beautiful legend. No, not so. Hyperborea – historical reality. The perfect civilization, not knowing wars and gave rise to scientific knowledge about the world. There were some in our latitudes. Yes, both versions have supporters. I saw this at the scientific-practical conference “my Motherland – Hyperborea”, which was held recently in Apatity. Its initiators were made by the Murmansk regional public organization “New city” and the Commission scientific tourism Russkogovoryaschego society. Continue reading