The stained glass Windows of cathedrals
The word stained-glass is derived from the Latin vitrum - glass, and later from French vitrage — glazing. The so-called art form, in which the image is applied to the…

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Wooden temple in Russia and Europe
Accustomed to think that the wooden Church is a unique and original phenomenon of Russian culture. However, it is not. In large areas of Northern, Central and Eastern Europe in…

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The medieval Church as a modelling space
The medieval period is a sufficiently long time period — from V to XIV century, i.e., about a Millennium. The term "middle ages" arose in the Renaissance. Thinkers of the…

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The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia.

The culture of ancient Mesopotamia is characterized by a high level of science, literature and art, with a clear predominance of religious ideology.

The ancient culture of Mesopotamia — Sumerian-Akkadian (from the names of the two parts of the territory, North and South). The oldest city of our planet, is considered the Sumerian Ur. Many sources show the highest astronomical and mathematical achievements of the Sumerians, their architecture is staggering – they are the first to have built the step pyramid. They created such innovations as prescription reference books, library catalogues, the first calendars.

About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable.

About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable.

So there was CUNEIFORM. She was born of extreme need: flourishing in the time of the state demanded consideration of all possible benefits, for this was no longer common enough clay balls that they used previously. At first they started to change shape, then there were symbols corresponding to a subject. In predstavleniyami all the wealth they owed to their gods. They dedicated to them not only prayers, but also many epics.

About the megalithic structures of the ancient world

What are megalithic structures or shorter than the megaliths of the ancient world? To get an accurate answer to this question, first of all, learn what is the megaliths.Megaliths (from the Greek words megas – large and lithos – stone) – ancient constructions from huge stones that served as a greater part of the sepulchral monuments and some of them are sanctuaries.

They belong to III-II millenniums B. X. however, in some countries erected later; found in France, England and other countries; in Russia – in the Caucasus, in Crimea, in Siberia and Ukraine.

Tomb of giants hunov megalithic era (Hünengrab der Megalithkulturen) in the North of Germany, the village of Barendorf [Barendorf].

Megalithic construction in the form of a gigantic furnace (Riesenbackofen) in the North of Germany, the village of Barendorf [Barendorf].

Dutch historian Johan Picard [Johan Picardt] described the history of the province Drenthe, in his book “Korte Beschryvinge Van eenige Vergetene en Verborgene Antiquiteten” (1660), where he raised the issue of the emergence of megalithic buildings. In his opinion the megaliths were the work of giants who lived in prehistoric times in Northern Europe.

Dutch historian Johan Picard [Johan Picardt] described the history of the province Drenthe, in his book “Korte Beschryvinge Van eenige Vergetene en Verborgene Antiquiteten” (1660), where he raised the issue of the emergence of megalithic buildings. In his opinion the megaliths were the work of giants who lived in prehistoric times in Northern Europe.

A trough-shaped dolmen in the area of greenhouses of Pshada village, Gelendzhik district.

The dolmens on the river Pshada, mount Tsygankova, district of Gelendzhik.

Ancient constructions.

Stonehenge.

Nothing evokes as much admiration as you can get at the sight of the ancient structures, cryptic and mysterious. The secret of building which is still not fully open. Ancient history only warms up the interest to them.

One of these structures is Stonehenge. He is so old that, in ancient times, its true history was forgotten. According to the legend, Stonehenge was built miraculously from the Holy stones brought from Ireland. And did this Merlin on assignment of the legendary king Arthur, who wanted to celebrate the burial place of British soldiers.

Easter Island (Rapa Nui)

Easter island (Rapa Nui), a volcanic island in the Eastern Pacific ocean. They say that Easter island is one of the most secluded corners of the world. This tiny islet of volcanic origin no larger than 24 kilometers, lost in the vast Pacific thousands of miles from the nearest human civilization. It is located 3600 km West of the Chilean city of Valparaiso. Everything connected with the island, shrouded in mystery. Where profits are its first inhabitants? How they found this island? How why did sculpture more than 600 gigantic rock statues?

The leaning tower of Pisa.

The famous ‘leaning’ tower is a bell tower of the Cathedral in Pisa, the part of rare on its beauty architectural ensemble, which consists, besides the belfry and the Cathedral, even from the chapel for the baptism (baptistry) and the cemetery. If ‘falling’ tower do not roll, and stands vertically like all the other towers in the world, her fame was limited, probably only a small circle of architects and historians. Because of its design flaw it is known in the world.

The Monasteries Of Meteora

In the XV-XVI centuries, when Thessaly was conquered by the Turks, in these places arose more than thirty new monastic communities. However, in the XVII-XVIII centuries began a slow but steady decline of monasticism, and the majority of communities broke up. Finally, in the nineteenth century to the monastery Meteors began to focus attention the first being curious travellers, and since then they attract increasingly more visitors.

Several million years ago in the tertiary period, in Anatolia, erupted volcanic Argies-Dagi is the highest mountain of Asia Minor. The lava flows mixed with ash poured into the valley of Goreme and a thick layer covered the territory of several thousand square kilometers. Then for long centuries the winds blew, the rains have washed away the lighter rocks and hardened lava and ash pressed gradually turned into tuff, a soft in handling and robust construction material. Thus appeared the high cone-shaped rocks of Cappadocia (area in middle of Anatolia) — a forest of multi-colored stone pillars, spires, fungi and towers, stretching for tens of kilometers.

Top 5 most mysterious places on the planet
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Restoration of antiquities
Restoration work is an opportunity and value not only our time. The restoration was carried out at all times. For these reasons, it is difficult to establish the true age…

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