Top 10 tallest buildings in the world
“Burj Khalifa tower” is a skyscraper height of 828 meters in Dubai, the tallest building in the world. The shape of the building resembles a stalagmite. The opening ceremony was held on 4 January 2010 in the largest city of the United Arab Emirates — Dubai. The building is planned to open on 9 September 2009 simultaneously with the opening of Dubai metro, but the opening was postponed to January 2010 due to reduced funding by the developer. The exact height of buildings is 828 m (163 floors). “Dubai tower” was designed as a “city within a city” — with its own lawns, boulevards and parks. The total cost of construction — about $ 1.5 billion. The Burj Khalifa is a key element of the new business center in Dubai. Inside the complex there are hotels, apartments, offices and shopping malls. The building has three separate entrances: the hotel entrance, the entrance to the apartments and the entrance to the office. The Armani hotel and the offices of the company occupy floors 1 through 39 (except for the 17 and 18 floors, a technical floor).
Design of hotel was developed by Giorgio Armani. 900 apartments occupy floors 44 to 72 and 77 to 108. The hundredth floor is fully owned by Indian billionaire B. R. Shetty, on the one hundredth floor there are 3 apartments, each of approximately 500 m2. Office premises occupy the floors with 111, 121, 125 and 135 to 139 from 154.On 43 and 76 floors are for gyms, swimming pools, observation deck with Jacuzzi. The highest observation deck is on the 124th floor at a height of 452 meters. 122 floor is the restaurant the Atmosphere on an 80 — seat restaurant, located on the highest altitude in the world.
2. Abraj al-Bayt
Abraj al-Beit complex of high-rise buildings built in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This is the largest (but not tallest) building in the world by mass, it is also the tallest building in Saudi Arabia and second in the world after the Burj Khalifa, with him excelling in the Muslim world, the Petronas twin towers (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia), who held the title of tallest structures in the world between 1998 and 2003. Tower Abraj al-Bayt are the most noticeable buildings in Mecca due to its location. They are located across from the entrance to the Masjid al-Haram, in the yard of which is the Kaaba, the main Shrine of Islam. The tallest tower in the complex, which serves as a hotel, has to provide housing for about 100 thousand pilgrims who annually visit Mecca to participate in Hajj. Tower Abraj al-Bayt are four-storey shopping arcade and a garage for car Parking for over 800 cars. In residential towers located apartments for the permanent residents of the city, and the two heliports and a conference center cater to business travelers. At the top of the highest tower of the Royal installed a huge clock with a diameter of 43 meters, located at a height of over 400 meters above the ground. Four of the dial mounted on the four sides of the world. Watch-giants are visible from any point in the city, and are the largest and most high-rise clock tower in the world. The highest of skyscrapers to Clock Royal tower has a height of 601 meter. Construction was completed in 2012. Tower bear the names of different persons, places, and terms from Islamic history.
3. The world trade center or the Freedom Tower
4. Taipei 101
Taipei 101— a landmark skyscraper located in the capital of the Republic of China. Storey skyscraper is 101 floor, height — 509,2 m, with a spire. On the lower floors are shopping malls, and the upper offices. The construction of the skyscraper began in 1999. The official opening took place on 17 November 2003, the building was entered December 31, 2003. The cost of a skyscraper amounted to 1.7 billion dollars. In this skyscraper are the fastest elevators in the world rising at a speed of 60.6 km/h. From the fifth floor to the observation deck on the 89th can be reached within 39 seconds. The building of glass, steel and aluminum support 380 concrete pillars, each of which goes into the ground at 80 m. The danger of collapse when a hurricane or earthquake diminish the enormous 660-ton ball-pendulum placed between 87 and 91 floors. According to engineers, the tower can withstand strong vibrations during the 2500 years. Taipei 101 — the building is multi-use: on 1-4 floors of retail outlets, levels 5-6 is the fitness center, on floors 7-84 offices, levels 86-88 is a restaurants and bars; observation decks are on floors 89, 91 and 101. Floors 92-100 are technical floors.
5. Shanghai world financial center
Shanghai world financial center is a skyscraper in Shanghai, which was completed in the summer of 2008. The height of the center is 492 m. the tower was Constructed by the Japanese Mori Building Corporation. Chief designer of the project — David Malott from new York based firm Kohn Pedersen Fox. The unofficial name of the building — “the opener”. Shanghai world financial center the best skyscraper of the world in 2008. The building has passed all inspections for seismic resistance and can withstand an earthquake up to seven points. During the construction of the tower was taken into account the experience of September 11, when men stationed above the floor on which the fire occurred, could not descend. In this regard, there were used three variants of saving of the people: secure the stairs in the middle of the building, down the elevators, located on the sides of buildings, and protected the floors. The floor is protected at every twelfth floor of the building. It is designed to shelter people from the fire before arrival of rescuers. Each floor has its own reinforced concrete frame that divides the building into sections, and increases its strength properties. These floors are reinforced refractory steel, also on these floors, glass Windows that can be broken for access of air to the room.
6. International Commerce centre
7. Petronas Twin Towers
Petronas — 88-story skyscraper. The height of 451,9 metres. Located in the capital of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. In the design of the skyscraper was attended by Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir Mohamad, who proposed to build buildings in the Islamic style. Therefore, the complex consists of two eight-pointed stars, and the architect added the semicircular protrusions for stability. For the construction was given 6 years (1992-1998). The towers were built by two different companies to create competition and increase productivity. During geological surveys revealed that the proposed site for construction is one part on the edge of the rock, and the other on the soft limestone. After the construction on this place such heavy towers, one of them inevitably slipped. As a result, the building is completely moved to the soft ground, sliding at 60 metres and drove piles to a depth of over 100 metres. At the moment it is the largest concrete Foundation in the world. Is not only enormous size but also the complexity of the design. The floor space of the building — 213 750 m2, which corresponds to the area 48 football fields. Sami tower occupy in the city is 40 hectares. The Petronas Towers are offices, exhibition and conference halls, art gallery. For the construction of the towers were to be used only materials produced in Malaysia, so it was impossible to provide builders with the necessary quantity of steel. Specifically for the twin towers was designed particularly sturdy and flexible concrete that can be produce in Malaysia. From it were built the Petronas twin Towers. Wash 16 thousand Windows one tower takes a month. In the towers there are 10 thousand people. In the movie “the Apocalypse Code” with Anastasia Zavorotnyuk, Russian champion (understudy heroine Zavorotnyuk) in skydiving jumps from a bridge tower between 41 and 42 floor (altitude: 170 meters). The scene was filmed with eight cameras, one of which was installed on the helicopter. During the execution of this extremely extreme about the double jump caught on a parachute behind a power line, resulting in the left one of the Malaysian streets without light. Stunts, chases and shootouts in skyscrapers was filmed for five days.