Attractions of Cologne is the Gothic Cathedral
Among the attractions of the world, the Church of St. Peter and Maria in Cologne is one of the highest Catholic cathedrals. From the observation deck, located in the tower offer stunning views of the city. To climb to the top of the Cathedral, tourists will have to climb the stairs, of which there are 509 steps.
It is unlikely those who have decided to visit Cologne, you will be able to pass by the Cologne Cathedral – high tower dominates all the buildings of the historic center. Besides, the temple is located near the main railway station, where arrives the majority of tour groups. St. Peter’s Basilica is considered as the most popular sight in Germany – it is annually visited by over 7 million tourists from all over the world.
The history of the Cologne Cathedral
The place on which stands the Gothic Cathedral has always been considered sacred. Accurate information on the subject, but there is every reason to believe that this place was located the Basilica of Christians living in the Roman Empire. Subsequently, the temple was repeatedly rebuilt, each time becoming larger in size.
But the real history of the Cologne Cathedral began in 1248, it was there Conrad von Hochstaden, Archbishop of Cologne decided to build in his diocese the most velichestvenny that moment the Cathedral. The idea was that the new Cathedral has overshadowed its beauty all the other churches of Europe. To carry out such an ambitious construction, the Bishop needed huge sums of money, so he promised remission of sins to all who will contribute to the construction of the temple.
The construction of the Cathedral in Cologne lasted for several centuries before he appeared before the faithful in all its splendor. The last brick was laid on top of the South tower only in 1880, so the construction took 632 years. However, the efforts of builders, sculptors and artists were not in vain – the result was a huge temple complex, which at that time had no equal in the world. Its facade was made several hundred sculptures, and the Windows of the Cathedral were closed by huge stained glass Windows.
The size of the Cologne Cathedral is approximately 7970 sq meters, its construction took about 300 tons of stone. Few know that the two main towers of the temple North and South, slightly different in height, although visually it is imperceptible. The height of the South tower is 157, 14 meters, while the North has a height of 157,18 meters. During the Second world war, the Cathedral suffered significant injuries when he was hit by several bombs. The restoration took several decades, but today this temple, built in the Gothic style, completely put in order.