Dolmens near Gelendzhik
The dolmens (from Breton. tol — table and men — stone) ancient megalithic (that is, composed of large stones or stone slabs) man-made structures of some form. The object of study of archaeologists, as well as of worship and pilgrimage as modern fans of esotericism and ancient people.
Modern science has no consensus about the purpose of dolmens, but there are several hypotheses:
the altars, or the altars of the druids,
the tombs of the prehistoric era,
housing for animals or dwarfs,
some magic portals (teleportation, moving into the noosphere),
Many dolmens found in the graves, but were found to modern research, these graves belong to a later epoch than the construction (and possible use). That speaks about the worship of ancient people to these facilities, but does not clarify who, how and why they were built. Attempts astronomical anchor of the majority of the dolmens, too bad.
In its simplest form is one stone set on a few other (sometimes one). The stones are large in size and mass. Mostpopular option — 3 stones set in the shape of the letter “P”. Stonehenge is built of many such elements.
In the completed architectural form (that is inherent in the Caucasian dolmens) dolmen consists of five or six stone plates and stone is a sealed box: on four plates, set vertically, is fifth; optionally, the sixth plate is the bottom. In front of the transverse plate usually has a hole (round (mostly), triangular or square shape, sometimes with a stone stopper), but it may not be. The plates are connected in a groove, and the gaps are virtually absent. The side walls and the roof can come forward, forming a portal; they can also be tilted.
The dolmen could get on the surface of the earth and over it was sprinkled the mound, and subsequently often opavshij unichtojeniya; or on top of a mound, or, on the contrary, he dug into the ground, arranged in a pit. Sometimes dolmens took a more complicated form, for example, was connected with a narrow corridor of standing plates, or arranged in the form of a large rectangular chamber, in one of the longitudinal sides of which done the entrance with a corridor (so that the whole structure had received the form of the letter “T”), or finally a dolmen turned into a series of longitudinal, following one after the other chambers, sometimes more and more widened and uglublenia in the ground. The material from which evolved the dolmens, varies depending on the terrain: granite, Sandstone, limestone.
Different regions have different types of dolmens:
The Caucasus, Krasnodar region — tiled, compound, transition types, trough, lognormally, monolithic dolmens, and cromlechs,
Denmark — the dolmens of huge rough boulders, where the upper boulder is usually the biggest,
UK, Ireland dolmens of well-crafted stone rectangular plates without holes and with a number of walls less than four, menhirs
Korea, North America, Europe — dolmens with a disproportionately large upper stone, is relatively lower. Korean dolmens is characterized without holes are sometimes curved in the manner of a pagoda roof.
Portugal, Spain dolmens in the form of inclined flat plates, standing in a circle with roof (antasy).
France, Germany — gallery of treated rectangular stone slabs, set close to each other.
Dolmens of Krasnodar region
The dolmens on the mountain Neksis
Mount Nexis, not far from Noumea, is a group of two dolmens. You must drive to the village of Light, and before him turn left, uphill. The height of the mountain Neksis 398 meters. At its top is the first dolmen.
Near Nexis three hundred meters there is another vertex that can be reached along the ridge. There is a second dolmen. If you walk along the ridge from mount Neksis, it is located 100 meters beyond the first dolmen. All sides were overgrown with vegetation and therefore not visible Nexis.
Dolmens river Janet
To get to the dolmens, you have access to 16 km of the village Revival. On the left, next to highway 3 m waterfall. And after 1km there will be 3 of the most beautiful dolmen. Moving on. within 2 km there is another group of dolmens.
Dolmens – ancient stone structures, whose mysteries still excite both professional archeologists, and tourists. Translated from the Celtic language “dolmen” means “stone table”. Archaeologists believe that the dolmens – the coevals of the Egyptian pyramids. In the Caucasus there were more than 7 thousand, but due to the devastating passage of time and the people there are only around 150.
The most famous dolmen in the Zhane river is the so-called “dolmen”. It is believed that the area around it has beneficial effects on the human body, relieves fatigue and so on.
The dolmens on the river Pshada
Translated from the Celtic language, the word means “Stone table”. The first Gelendzhik dolmens were discovered in 1818. on the river Pshada – the Young Frenchman de Marigny. It is believed that these ancient structures served as a place of burial.
POSADSKOGO dolmen is one of the largest on Kuban, it is possible to drive directly by car. You need to turn onto a dirt road at the sign for the dolmen. Distance to megalithic structures not more than 200 meters.
The dolmens on the river Dogrib
Located at the 69th km of the road Novorossiysk – Sochi. The first megalith – tiled, up to 2 m, stands to the left of the highway on top of a small hill in quince garden. Second, also tiled, to the right of the highway against the first dolmen in a small forest, overgrown with vines. Its height is slightly more than 2 m. the dolmen are Both well preserved, but have breaks in the portal plates in the holes. There is another megalith, the scientific literature is not described.
Dolmens near p. Uderbaeva
Translated from the Celtic language, the word means “Stone table”. The first Gelendzhik dolmens were discovered in 1818. Frenchman, Young de Marigny. It is believed that these ancient structures served as a place of burial.
Two of the dolmen is located on the left Bank of the river Aderba, on the very ridge of the mountain Honey. The area around the dolmens covered with shrubs. The first dolmen – tiled – focused portal to the South-East. It is well preserved. Its height is 2 m. Original that entirely stands on the heel support plate, which has a prismatic ledge right in front of the hole.
A second dolmen is located on a hill at 350-400 m East of the first dolmen. This building is oriented portal to the South. His first peculiarity is that it is neatly built of massive blocks and carefully processed according to the accepted classification refers to a rare type composite dolmens. The second feature – his plates ornamented single and multi-row wavy incised lines. In it reaches a height of 1.7 m. the Dolmens date from the first half of the II Millennium BC These megaliths in 1972, was investigated by V. I. Markovin, when he found inside structures of objects of the bronze age and Scythian time.