Winchester Cathedral in England
Winchester Cathedral in England is a real miracle, born during the dark ages. The Cathedral is a very large building, built in the Gothic style. Start of construction of the Cathedral in Winchester was started in 642. Building built in that distant time, was called the Old Cathedral, which was subsequently subjected to multiple reconstructions. The result of the reconstructions of the Cathedral was its destruction in 1093, when the building is completely destroyed. And a little earlier in the year 1073 founded the New Cathedral, which decided to build on the site of the Old, because the latter was impossible to rebuild so that it meets the desires, intentions and beliefs of the rulers.
However, this change Winchester Cathedral is not over, because this amazing building was perestavali many times. But in the beginning of XX century the Cathedral was reconstructed, saving a unique Gothic Palace from the flooding and subsequent destruction. The reconstruction of the Cathedral was completed successfully thanks to the heroic efforts of a diver named William Walker, who for 6 years worked under water twenty feet in complete darkness. William Volker was able to strengthen the foundations so the structure did not collapse. For the salvation of the jewels of English medieval architecture, Williammoeller received the title of knight.
New Winchester Cathedral had a completely different look compared to the Old, but that didn’t prevent him to be the religious centre of medieval England . On the territory of Winchester Cathedral there is a cemetery, to be buried where he was honored just a few remarkable, outstanding and great people who has done a lot for the good of England. Here you can see the tombs of kings and bishops, who ruled England in the Middle ages. Also in the cemetery of Winchester Cathedral rest the remains of Jane Austen –women-the legends, which is a distinguished man of letters in Britain.
Winchester Cathedral in Medieval England was a place of cultural and official life, there was carried out the coronation and the wedding ceremony of Royal couples. It was in Winchester Cathedral in 1194 was crowned the legendary British ruler Richard the lion heart. In our days Winchester Cathedral is the main Church in the diocese of Winchester, in which is the official residence of the Bishop.
Winchester Cathedral has a rich decoration, so its main value and appeal lies in the incredibly large size and the presence of various relics, historical documents and, of course, the cultural traditions of England. The Cathedral has a length of 170 meters. The Church kept two Christian relics – the Bible of the XII century and the iconostasis that was painted by a Russian artist Fedorov.
Strict and soaring Gothic spires of the Cathedral give it an incredible grandeur, and feeling the eternity of time, the inviolability of the values of our civilization. High ceilings, vaulted arches, narrow Windows, white pillars and intricate patterns of stone – all signs of the austere and majestic beauty of Winchester Cathedral. In a historic building breathes an understanding of the enormous responsibility the people here and making decisions, which will be crucial for entire Nations and countries.
For modern people who live in the field of European culture, Winchester Cathedral is also attractive because here were shooting for the movie “da Vinci Code”, released on the basis of the novel by Dan brown. Winchester Cathedral and the diocese became the prototype for the Vatican in “the da Vinci Code”.