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Wooden temple in Russia and Europe

Accustomed to think that the wooden Church is a unique and original phenomenon of Russian culture. However, it is not.

In large areas of Northern, Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle ages, these churches were built in large numbers. To our time the wooden Church known only in three regions of Europe: in Norway, Ukraine and Russia.

Differences: the Churches of Ukraine later XVII–XVIII centuries. in Ukraine and Russia used a log design, the increasing of logs (four logs cut each other horizontally). The stylistic unity of the Ukrainian group based on the composition, gradually rising from the sharp roof of the altar to frame the spire of the tower vestibule.

Architectural tradition in Norway in the construction of wooden churches – the most ancient. Almost all the buildings of the XII–XIII centuries, the Norwegian churches are of two types — the basilican and cruciform in plan.

Presents Russian wooden churches, as well as Ukrainian, were built in XVII–XVIII centuries This was the last takeoff of wooden architecture during the active Europeanization of Russia. Typology of ancient Russian wooden churches was complex and extensive, what can be said about Ukrainian or Norwegian churches.

Similarity: toccatina typology trehsrubnaya temples are more characteristic for Russia, Dating in Ukraine. Cruciform in plan –

both in Russia and in Norway. Typological similarities between the Norwegian and Russian or Ukrainian churches is not found as a frame and carcass constructions differ fundamentally.

Elongated Gothic silhouette, the use of peaked turrets and spires characteristic of Norwegian and Ukrainian churches. In Norway these elements are truly Gothic (XII–XIII centuries), and Ukraine has acquired and processed the Baroque era. Cascading roofs protect buildings from rain and in Russia and in Norway. The acute angle of the roof, too, which kind of reception so that the roofs were not late snow, are ubiquitous. The Baroque complex roofs, reminiscent of the bells, appear simultaneously in Russia and Ukraine.

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