Architecture. Architecture Gothic style
The samples of early Gothic style in Spain are rare. Refectory of Santa Maria La Huerta – clean and elegant as the best of similar buildings in France; the Cathedral in Cuenca (begun in 1200) seems to be built in the image and likeness of Norman and English models. Later began to develop more specific Spanish style, vozdelyvaniya from the purity of forms.
3 the construction of the great cathedrals began in 1220-ies, and they best characterize the increasingly “Spanish” features of churches of that time. Planning and construction of cathedrals in Burgos and Toledo obviously obliged to the French models, but they’re not the grace and lightness of French Gothic cathedrals. Windows their much less – partly, perhaps, due to the fact that we had to limit the access of sunlight due to the hot climate, partly to save big mystery compared to their French counterparts. In both places, the luxurious decoration of the interior, which will soon become the norm for Spanish cathedrals, the most characteristic part of Church choirs skillfully executed a number of seats in the center, often surrounded by retrogram in the nave, which seems unusual for those who are accustomed to seeing altar choirs in Northern Europe.
As typical presented a huge retable or altar images, the most significant of which are located over the high altar, and again mask architecture. In chilomoni were carved, polychrome and contained scenes from the lives of Christ and the virgin (probably also with statues of saints). Basically, their function was similar to the stained glass Windows of cathedrals in France, providing artistic and visual reproduction of the biblical stories for the illiterate population. Ratably smaller sizes, carved or decorated, were placed above the smaller altars. In addition, the tombs of the monarchs, representatives of aristocratic families, bishops and saints were often placed in specially constructed chapels, sometimes behind the iron gates or railings (rejas), which were often highly artistic execution and also had to cover the entrance to the choir and the chancel. The overall effect of all this decoration may seem overly lush in the modern view, however, it gives the best representation of a medieval Cathedral than what can be found in Northern Europe, where the processes of reformation, revolution, war, and the restoration has left the building much cleaner architecturally, but much less true in the spiritual sense.
The third great Council of the 1200’s, Leone is the only one that took regular French system triple portal, the protruding flying buttresses and large Windows with sparkling stained-glass Windows. But it felt Spanish influences in the form of a cloister and its associated buildings and emerged later than the choir.
All other churches have inherited a model of Burgos and Toledo. A mini-version of them can be considered El Burgo de Osma, although in form it is a more pure Gothic. Palencia, which was built in XIV-XV centuries is unusual in that most of its design is matched by creation time architecture, with very few on-the following additions. In Pamplona and Huesca architects built with taking into account the location of the choir in the nave (ironically recently they were removed by the restorers). The cloister at Pamplona (the earliest part of the building) – perhaps the most beautiful Gothic gallery in Spain. There are several beautiful gate and chapel with a wonderful star-shaped vault. This element was the main contribution of Spain to the characteristic fan-shaped like a Gothic arch in England, and is much more common (with the obvious Moorish influence models). There are other, equally grandiose national samples of Gothic style: in Murcia and Oviedo and more beautiful in Seville, whose huge size was dictated by the layout of the previous mosque.