12 creative architectural structures in the world
For the more adventurous, there are plenty of reasons to go to this or that city, to visit a particular country. Some people prefer to rest and relax, someone to see the sights, visit museums, or just walking to enjoy the views. Today’s article is dedicated to those who love architecture and those who love the beauty of modern design.
When we think about design, we often mean the fashion or web design, with little thought about the architectural design, which is present in buildings and structures, in the places where we live, work and have fun. The design can be simple and expected, and can be very unpredictable. Below we will explain only about 12 modern architectural masterpieces, but believe me, they are worth it.
1. Beijing national stadium (bird nest) – Beijing, China
Developed by a team of architects (namely Chinese architect Li Xingang and the Swiss architects Jacques Duke and Pierre de Meron), the concept of this building was to make it as natural-looking as possible. The construction took a little over 4 years and took about 33 million dollars. The building is an open steel structure with waterproof semi-transparent air bubble wrap that covers it. For the construction of the stadium in Kitaabul developed a new steel grade, which was characterized by almost full absence of external impurities, which to some extent complicates the welding of steel elements.
2. Cube houses, or Houses-Cuba – Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Design designed by Dutch architect Piet Blom. Radical solution Blom was that he turned the parallelepiped house by 45 degrees and set it in the corner on a hexagonal pylon. In Rotterdam there are 38 houses and 2 super cube, and all the houses are joined with each other. Bird’s eye view, the structure has the form resembling a triangle. The cube is a three-storey: downstairs living room with Windows on the pavement, on the second level – bedrooms and bathrooms, and on the third floor – a small pyramidal room, which can be adapted for Solarium, baby, mini Observatory or Conservatory.
According to Blom, this structure is “a kind of village in a big city, safe heaven, where everything can happen”.
3. The dancing house – Prague, Czech Republic
Located next to the Vltava river, this structure, known as the Dancing house was built between 1992 and 1996. The building was designed by architect Vlado milunichem and canadian architect Frank Gehry. The dancing house is an architectural metaphor of a dancing couple, jokingly called “ginger and Fred” in honor of the couple ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire. One of the two cylindrical parts, one that extends up, symbolizes a male figure (Fred), and the second part of the building visually resembles a female figure with a slim waist and billowing skirt dance (ginger).
The building is an office center, which houses several international companies. On the roof is a French restaurant overlooking Prague La Perle de Prague.
4. Guggenheim Museum – Bilbao, Spain
Who has not heard about the Guggenheim Museum? Built in the late 1990s, Frank Gehry (the man who co-wrote the previous masterpiece), this beautiful Museum is located in Bilbao. The design of the building is an excellent example of a unique corporate identity Gehry, described as “free, smooth and lush. Located on the seafront, the building embodies the abstract idea of a futuristic ship, perhaps for interplanetary travel. Also it is compared with a bird, plane, Superman and the blooming rose. The building is immediately recognized as one of the world’s most spectacular buildings in the style of deconstructivism. Architect Philip Johnson called it “the greatest building of our time”.
5. Urban Cactus – Amsterdam, Netherlands
Not yet completed the project “the House-Cactus” is a project of 19-storey residential houses, which will be of the apartment increased comfort. The author of the project was the architectural firm UCX Architects, which gave the building the shape of a cactus. It turned out that due to the use of outdoor terraces-balconies under hanging gardens, one above the other in stepped order, screwed up in a spiral. This arrangement of the terraces was conceived not by accident: it allows the sun to illuminate the plants from all sides. The depth of the terraces is not more than two meters, and they contain small pools.
6. Forest spiral of Darmstadt, Germany
This residential complex in Darmstadt in the form of a spiral, designed by Austrian architect and artist Friedensreich Hundertwasser, and characterized by a complete absence of rectangular shapes, was built in the period from 1998 to 2000. The architect for his building revealed the idea that man should live in harmony with nature everywhere – even in the city. A helical 12-storey building with a rooftop garden has 105 apartments, each of which has its own characteristics. The façade is decorated with colourful ceramic pillars, and inside the house there are no rectangular shapes, sharp angles and straight lines. Out of thousands of Windows none is repeated, but each depicts a small crown to the owner of the apartment felt like a king of its space.
7. Wozoco – Amsterdam, Netherlands
Visoko apartments are a residential building with extended blocks. This architectural decision was driven by the need to comply with legislation: when building a house you need to provide the tenants a sufficient amount of sunlight. To do this, the architects of MVRDV and made up to hang 13 of 100 apartments on the Northern elevation of the building. Such a striking design made it possible to save area and also for construction.
8. Habitat 67 – Montreal, Canada
Huge residential complex “habitat 67” built by architect Moshe safdie for the world exhibition of 1967. The cube is the basis of this structure. 354 Cuba, accrued at each other, helped to create this building with 146 apartments. Inside is a very comfortable house: all apartments have views on three sides of the world (including Montreal harbour’s habitat 67 on the river), lots of outdoor terraces with trees, glazed transitions.
9. The music center Experience Music Project – Seattle, WA, USA
Experience Music Project (EMP) – kind of a tribute to the creativity of a rock musician Jimi Hendrix, who like no other influenced the evolution of American music. To develop EMP has attracted the most charismatic of the famous U.S. architect Frank Gehry (in this article his name is mentioned for the third time). The inspiration for the shape of the Museum was the guitar Hendrix’s Fender Stratocaster that he regularly broke after each concert. According to the author, the construction without accurate shapes and correct positioning of walls, Windows and ceiling symbolizes the ductility and the energy of the music – the original building was designed as an experiential Museum of music. After the building opened its doors in 2000, in 2004 he added the science fiction Museum and hall of fame, and now the whole complex is a single name – the Experience Music Project and Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame.
10. The headquarters of the Bank NORD LB – Hannover, Germany
Who would have thought, but it’s incredibly beautiful and futuristic building in the centre of Hannover by the German land Bank and takes up a huge area of 40 thousand square meters. If this building is built of glass and steel blocks, connected by a rounded transparent corridors, resembling the pipes of the water parks. The complex is a modern art gallery. It contains more than 3,000 works of postmodernists second half of the 20th century. Gallery Bank cooperates with leading museums and regularly hosted exhibitions of prominent artists.
11. Turning Torso – Malmö, Sweden
The highest skyscraper of Scandinavia and Europe (height 54-storey building is 190 meters) designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava in malmö and received the award from Emporis Skyscraper Award as the best skyscraper in 2005. The prototype design of the building was a sculpture of Santiago Calatrava Twisting Torso. The lower floors of the original tower designated for offices and the rest are residential apartments in the amount of 147, the two upper floors into a presentable conference rooms.
12. Museum of transport – Glasgow, Scotland
The order for the design and execution received the Pritzker prize winner Zaha Hadid from London. She came up with the building’s unusual architecture has become a new center of attraction of the seaport of Glasgow. The new Museum of transport Riverside Museum similar their forms on unevenly folded and double-rolled napkin, whose beginning and end are composed of two fully glazed Gables. The futuristic building of the Museum has transformed and beautified the town’s waterfront. The intricate design of five interconnected tunnels-sheds, made of galvanised metal, presented in the form of a silver rolling waves. The ends of the hangars over two 36-metre-high glazed façades open out to the side of the river and city. The southern facade of the ancient riverside moored sailboat, built in the old docks of the deep river Clyde. Thanks to the “broken” line angular roofs similar to the outline of the roofs of the old part of Glasgow, the riverside is sometimes compared to a floating iceberg.