The medieval Church as a modelling space
The medieval period is a sufficiently long time period — from V to XIV century, i.e., about a Millennium. The term “middle ages” arose in the Renaissance. Thinkers of the Italian Renaissance understood it as a dark “middle” age in the development of European culture, a time of universal decline, lying midway between the brilliant epoch of antiquity and the Renaissance, a new flowering of European culture, a revival of ancient ideals. And though later, in the era of romanticism, there was “light the way” of the middle ages, both the middle ages created a very one-sided and false images this crucial stage in the development of Western culture. Actually everything was much more difficult. It was a complex, diverse, contradictory culture.
Architecture, like every art, has an inherent professional language – the language of architectural forms, is inextricably linked with the human world, with his spiritual dispensation. That is why the meaning and value of architectural forms of the medieval Church can be understood by considering the Church in his idea – as a way of modeling the world picture.
In the symbolism of architectural parts and decorative elements of the temple are disclosed the main features of the respective religion.
The relevance of this research work is as follows:
For modern and contemporary time in the spatial arts disappears semantic basis, based on their customerretention and only augmented the functionality of everyday life, is of particular importance the study of meanings of medieval temples.
The object of study: the Medieval Church
Subject of research: modelling space
The research problem – is it possible ideological idea to be enclosed in architectural forms?
Hypothesis: in the architectural forms and volumes of the medieval temple lies a picture of the world.
Objective: to identify the Parallels between the architectural forms and volumes of the medieval churches and the worldview of various religions.
To study the characteristics of an Orthodox Church, a Romanesque Basilica, the Gothic Cathedral, Buddhist stupa to Highlight the characteristics of architectural structures and the basic tenets of different philosophical religious doctrines to Identify patterns between the architectural forms and volumes, and philosophical ideas about the world