The medieval period is a sufficiently long time period — from V to XIV century, i.e., about a Millennium. The term “middle ages” arose in the Renaissance. Thinkers of the Italian Renaissance understood it as a dark “middle” age in the development of European culture, a time of universal decline, lying midway between the brilliant epoch of antiquity and the Renaissance, a new flowering of European culture, a revival of ancient ideals. And though later, in the era of romanticism, there was “light the way” of the middle ages, both the middle ages created a very one-sided and false images this crucial stage in the development of Western culture. Actually everything was much more difficult. It was a complex, diverse, contradictory culture.
Architecture, like every art, has an inherent professional language – the language of architectural forms, is inextricably linked with the human world, with his spiritual dispensation. That is why the meaning and value of architectural forms of the medieval Church can be understood by considering the Church in his idea – as a way of modeling the world picture.
In the symbolism of architectural parts and decorative elements of the temple are disclosed the main features of the respective religion. Continue reading
5-th place. Gem cave in Russia
This is one of the most mysterious places on the planet . Amazing cave is located in the Leningrad region. It is situated on the right Bank of the Tosna river.
Cave passages extend at 5500 meters. But noteworthy is the fact that its walls are studded with extraordinary white peas. But their chemical composition is identical to pearls. No scientist can say with certainty how the walls of this cave can form pearls. Actually, hence the name of the cave. But it is better not to go there in spring or autumn, the season of abundant snow melt and rains. The fact that the soil on the roof of the cave isn’t stable. But in summer or in winter, the cave attracts dozens of cavers.
4-th place. Socotra Island
In ancient times the shore of the island of Socotra attracted only the most desperate travelers. Today this unique place are the Bedouins. Continue reading
“Burj Khalifa tower” is a skyscraper height of 828 meters in Dubai, the tallest building in the world. The shape of the building resembles a stalagmite. The opening ceremony was held on 4 January 2010 in the largest city of the United Arab Emirates — Dubai. The building is planned to open on 9 September 2009 simultaneously with the opening of Dubai metro, but the opening was postponed to January 2010 due to reduced funding by the developer. The exact height of buildings is 828 m (163 floors). “Dubai tower” was designed as a “city within a city” — with its own lawns, boulevards and parks. The total cost of construction — about $ 1.5 billion. The Burj Khalifa is a key element of the new business center in Dubai. Inside the complex there are hotels, apartments, offices and shopping malls. The building has three separate entrances: the hotel entrance, the entrance to the apartments and the entrance to the office. The Armani hotel and the offices of the company occupy floors 1 through 39 (except for the 17 and 18 floors, a technical floor).