The medieval period is a sufficiently long time period — from V to XIV century, i.e., about a Millennium. The term “middle ages” arose in the Renaissance. Thinkers of the Italian Renaissance understood it as a dark “middle” age in the development of European culture, a time of universal decline, lying midway between the brilliant epoch of antiquity and the Renaissance, a new flowering of European culture, a revival of ancient ideals. And though later, in the era of romanticism, there was “light the way” of the middle ages, both the middle ages created a very one-sided and false images this crucial stage in the development of Western culture. Actually everything was much more difficult. It was a complex, diverse, contradictory culture.
Architecture, like every art, has an inherent professional language – the language of architectural forms, is inextricably linked with the human world, with his spiritual dispensation. That is why the meaning and value of architectural forms of the medieval Church can be understood by considering the Church in his idea – as a way of modeling the world picture.
In the symbolism of architectural parts and decorative elements of the temple are disclosed the main features of the respective religion. Continue reading
The culture of ancient Mesopotamia is characterized by a high level of science, literature and art, with a clear predominance of religious ideology.
The ancient culture of Mesopotamia — Sumerian-Akkadian (from the names of the two parts of the territory, North and South). The oldest city of our planet, is considered the Sumerian Ur. Many sources show the highest astronomical and mathematical achievements of the Sumerians, their architecture is staggering – they are the first to have built the step pyramid. They created such innovations as prescription reference books, library catalogues, the first calendars.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable. Continue reading
Around the world there are many places that fascinate and even scare its mystery. These seats look unusual, they are unusual events. But they always attracted and attracts still to itself the attention of both scholars and ordinary lovers of all things mysterious and unusual. Many of these places have been investigated by researchers, while others remain a mystery still.
One of the most mysterious and enigmatic places on the planet is in Russia. This city was found in 1987 in the Chelyabinsk region. The arch consists of two rings supporting structures. It has a Central square and circular street. The city has four entrances, the entrance on each side of the light. In this mystical city with people experiencing very strange things. It is considered that it is possible to get rid of old illnesses and diseases. By visiting this site, people are rethinking their lives. Look at things in a different way and all the time want to go back to arch again. Continue reading