The culture of ancient Mesopotamia is characterized by a high level of science, literature and art, with a clear predominance of religious ideology.
The ancient culture of Mesopotamia — Sumerian-Akkadian (from the names of the two parts of the territory, North and South). The oldest city of our planet, is considered the Sumerian Ur. Many sources show the highest astronomical and mathematical achievements of the Sumerians, their architecture is staggering – they are the first to have built the step pyramid. They created such innovations as prescription reference books, library catalogues, the first calendars.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable. Continue reading
Mankind has always had a special thrill in relation to the creations of our imagination and intellect. In General, this is true, because such artifacts distinguish us from animals, and we are proud of:
The oldest extant European book
Which of the extant books is the oldest? It’s a complicated issue, given the fact, the very definition of the word “book” has caused a number of debates. However, it was recognized that the oldest book preserved in perfect condition, is the gospel of St. Cuthbert. This book is leather bound in red, written in the 7th century. In 2012, the British library of London paid her $ 14 million the Belgian congregation of the Jesuits. Its fully digitized version can be found on the Internet. The book is a copy of the gospel of John, written in northeastern England for Saint Cuthbert, and then placed in his coffin. When the Vikings began their first raids on these places, the local monastic community left his abode and together with the coffin of St. Cuthbert moved to Durham. The coffin was opened in 1104, when the construction of a new Church dedicated to this Saint. Since then the book was passed from hand to hand until it came to the Jesuits. Continue reading
Official name – Kingdom of Belgium (Royaume de Belgique, Koninkrijk Belgie, Kingdom of Belgium)
The Capital Of Belgium – Brussels. Here attracts tourists . the Central square in the Gothic style (XV century); the Royal Palace; the Cathedral of St. Michael (XIII-XVI centuries), famous for its stained-glass Windows; the town hall with a 90-meter watch tower; Palace of justice (XIX century); Gothic Guild houses (XVII century); the symbol of the capital – the Manneken-Pis (Manneken Pis). If you like museums, here is a basic list of Brussels museums: municipal Museum, it is situated in the building of the Royal Palace (XVI-XVIII century), the wax Museum, the Museum of classical art with a collection of Flemish painters, the Royal Museum of art and history (here you will find one of the richest collections of Egyptian antiquities, Chinese and pre-Columbian art of America), the Meunier Museum, the Museum “Mini-Europe” in this Museum there are over 100 miniature models of monuments of history and architecture of Europe in 25-fold scale. In Brussels, you can relax in the Park”hill of the arts”, or you can drive 14 km to the North of the city, here is the State Botanical garden. Continue reading