The culture of ancient Mesopotamia is characterized by a high level of science, literature and art, with a clear predominance of religious ideology.
The ancient culture of Mesopotamia — Sumerian-Akkadian (from the names of the two parts of the territory, North and South). The oldest city of our planet, is considered the Sumerian Ur. Many sources show the highest astronomical and mathematical achievements of the Sumerians, their architecture is staggering – they are the first to have built the step pyramid. They created such innovations as prescription reference books, library catalogues, the first calendars.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable. Continue reading
5-th place. Gem cave in Russia
This is one of the most mysterious places on the planet . Amazing cave is located in the Leningrad region. It is situated on the right Bank of the Tosna river.
Cave passages extend at 5500 meters. But noteworthy is the fact that its walls are studded with extraordinary white peas. But their chemical composition is identical to pearls. No scientist can say with certainty how the walls of this cave can form pearls. Actually, hence the name of the cave. But it is better not to go there in spring or autumn, the season of abundant snow melt and rains. The fact that the soil on the roof of the cave isn’t stable. But in summer or in winter, the cave attracts dozens of cavers.
4-th place. Socotra Island
In ancient times the shore of the island of Socotra attracted only the most desperate travelers. Today this unique place are the Bedouins. Continue reading
The territory of Northern Karelia is studied by ethnographers over four hundred years. Many scientists devote all his time to studying the life and history of the tribe of the Sami are an ancient people who lived here before the active migration of the Slavs in Karelia. Unique spiritual and material culture of the Saami is not only scientific and cognitive interest, because understanding the lifestyle of the ancestors will allow modern people to better understand their own lives.
Pagan beliefs were given mystical power stones, mountains, trees, and various deified natural phenomena. The most widespread was the cult of worship of the seids – detached stones or intricate compositions. It is worth noting that among the peoples living in the tundra zone of Eurasia, the stones occupy a special place. The ancient inhabitants of the Karelian lands were built of stone labyrinths and seids. Almost every mountain and every lake you can find these mysterious constructions made of stone. Continue reading