Ancient Egypt
The beginning of the heyday of the slave system in Ancient Egypt historians refer to the III Millennium B. C. the ancient Egyptian pharaohs who were enslaved in those distant…

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Industrial landscapes of antiquity
Many of the "old" buildings, careful consideration, be... parts of the "industrial buildings" and not temples, minarets or other frills. We present you some colorful and overwhelming evidence. In January…

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Industrial landscapes of the ancient not ancient
Many of the "old" buildings, careful consideration, be... parts of the "industrial buildings" and not temples, minarets or other frills. We present you some colorful and overwhelming evidence. Industrial landscapes…

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The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia.

The culture of ancient Mesopotamia is characterized by a high level of science, literature and art, with a clear predominance of religious ideology.

The ancient culture of Mesopotamia — Sumerian-Akkadian (from the names of the two parts of the territory, North and South). The oldest city of our planet, is considered the Sumerian Ur. Many sources show the highest astronomical and mathematical achievements of the Sumerians, their architecture is staggering – they are the first to have built the step pyramid. They created such innovations as prescription reference books, library catalogues, the first calendars.

About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable.

About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable. Continue reading

The oldest artifacts in the world

Mankind has always had a special thrill in relation to the creations of our imagination and intellect. In General, this is true, because such artifacts distinguish us from animals, and we are proud of:

The oldest extant European book

Which of the extant books is the oldest? It’s a complicated issue, given the fact, the very definition of the word “book” has caused a number of debates. However, it was recognized that the oldest book preserved in perfect condition, is the gospel of St. Cuthbert. This book is leather bound in red, written in the 7th century. In 2012, the British library of London paid her $ 14 million the Belgian congregation of the Jesuits. Its fully digitized version can be found on the Internet. The book is a copy of the gospel of John, written in northeastern England for Saint Cuthbert, and then placed in his coffin. When the Vikings began their first raids on these places, the local monastic community left his abode and together with the coffin of St. Cuthbert moved to Durham. The coffin was opened in 1104, when the construction of a new Church dedicated to this Saint. Since then the book was passed from hand to hand until it came to the Jesuits. Continue reading

Top 5 most mysterious places on the planet

5-th place. Gem cave in Russia

This is one of the most mysterious places on the planet . Amazing cave is located in the Leningrad region. It is situated on the right Bank of the Tosna river.

Gem cave

Cave passages extend at 5500 meters. But noteworthy is the fact that its walls are studded with extraordinary white peas. But their chemical composition is identical to pearls. No scientist can say with certainty how the walls of this cave can form pearls. Actually, hence the name of the cave. But it is better not to go there in spring or autumn, the season of abundant snow melt and rains. The fact that the soil on the roof of the cave isn’t stable. But in summer or in winter, the cave attracts dozens of cavers.

4-th place. Socotra Island

In ancient times the shore of the island of Socotra attracted only the most desperate travelers. Today this unique place are the Bedouins. Continue reading

Top most mysterious places in Nikolaev
Friday the 13th - the number that is in excess of the guidelines and specifications need not completely. This year good Friday is held under the number 13! This fact…

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Gothic sculptures and their relationship with architecture
In sculpture, the transition from Romanesque to Gothic occurred slightly later than in architecture, but over time its growth continued at an incredibly fast pace. Ancient Gothic sculpture in just…

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