The medieval period is a sufficiently long time period — from V to XIV century, i.e., about a Millennium. The term “middle ages” arose in the Renaissance. Thinkers of the Italian Renaissance understood it as a dark “middle” age in the development of European culture, a time of universal decline, lying midway between the brilliant epoch of antiquity and the Renaissance, a new flowering of European culture, a revival of ancient ideals. And though later, in the era of romanticism, there was “light the way” of the middle ages, both the middle ages created a very one-sided and false images this crucial stage in the development of Western culture. Actually everything was much more difficult. It was a complex, diverse, contradictory culture.
Architecture, like every art, has an inherent professional language – the language of architectural forms, is inextricably linked with the human world, with his spiritual dispensation. That is why the meaning and value of architectural forms of the medieval Church can be understood by considering the Church in his idea – as a way of modeling the world picture.
In the symbolism of architectural parts and decorative elements of the temple are disclosed the main features of the respective religion. Continue reading
I thought that now a lot said and written about Lemuria and Atlantis. They were, they sank in different parts of the world, at different times. But there is another unexplored country which they say is much smaller and, oddly enough, even though she has not sunk, but we know very little about it. Was she actually? If was, where? What were the mores and customs? What kind of people lived in it? And a lot of other issues in which I propose to deal in this thread.
Hyperborea, a mythical Northern ancient civilization, the mother of all living peoples. A beautiful legend. No, not so. Hyperborea – historical reality. The perfect civilization, not knowing wars and gave rise to scientific knowledge about the world. There were some in our latitudes. Yes, both versions have supporters. I saw this at the scientific-practical conference “my Motherland – Hyperborea”, which was held recently in Apatity. Its initiators were made by the Murmansk regional public organization “New city” and the Commission scientific tourism Russkogovoryaschego society. Continue reading
The beginning of the heyday of the slave system in Ancient Egypt historians refer to the III Millennium B. C. the ancient Egyptian pharaohs who were enslaved in those distant times of neighboring peoples and owned hundreds of thousands of slaves, was a well-known simple cooperation of labour, the joint participation of groups of people in various related works.
New economic and technical possibilities of the ancient Egyptian state used for the construction of huge temples and pyramids. The architecture of the pyramids, which served as burial places of the pharaohs, in its development went from simple designs to more complex and perfect.
It should be borne in mind that each building is created primarily for specific practical purposes, renders its shapes and sizes different emotional impact on people. About the power of this influence was known in ancient times. Continue reading