The culture of ancient Mesopotamia is characterized by a high level of science, literature and art, with a clear predominance of religious ideology.
The ancient culture of Mesopotamia — Sumerian-Akkadian (from the names of the two parts of the territory, North and South). The oldest city of our planet, is considered the Sumerian Ur. Many sources show the highest astronomical and mathematical achievements of the Sumerians, their architecture is staggering – they are the first to have built the step pyramid. They created such innovations as prescription reference books, library catalogues, the first calendars.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable. Continue reading
The GOTHIC revival, the GOTHIC REVIVAL (Gothic Revival) architectural style, draw inspiration from medieval architecture and the opposing neo-classical revival in the United States and great Britain; on the continent it is possible to find only separate examples of this style. The earliest example of the Renaissance of elements of Gothic architecture is the house of the English writer Horace Walpole — strawberry hill. As in many other buildings of early Gothic was primarily used for its picturesque and romantic qualities, with little consideration for structural deficiencies or unsuitability of the building for its functions. Another ancient example of the trend toward the use of ornament and decorations is built by James Health, the Abbey of Fonte hill — farmhouse with tower height of 82 meters there are Few things more brighter to illustrate both the impracticality of usage and the romantic associations with the middle ages.
The earliest manifestations of nostalgia for the architecture of the Gothic in respect of private buildings, but by 1820 the years, public buildings in England are also beginning to be designed in the Gothic style. Perhaps the most famous example of this architecture — new houses of Parliament (1840), designed by sir Continue reading
Official name – Kingdom of Belgium (Royaume de Belgique, Koninkrijk Belgie, Kingdom of Belgium)
The Capital Of Belgium – Brussels. Here attracts tourists . the Central square in the Gothic style (XV century); the Royal Palace; the Cathedral of St. Michael (XIII-XVI centuries), famous for its stained-glass Windows; the town hall with a 90-meter watch tower; Palace of justice (XIX century); Gothic Guild houses (XVII century); the symbol of the capital – the Manneken-Pis (Manneken Pis). If you like museums, here is a basic list of Brussels museums: municipal Museum, it is situated in the building of the Royal Palace (XVI-XVIII century), the wax Museum, the Museum of classical art with a collection of Flemish painters, the Royal Museum of art and history (here you will find one of the richest collections of Egyptian antiquities, Chinese and pre-Columbian art of America), the Meunier Museum, the Museum “Mini-Europe” in this Museum there are over 100 miniature models of monuments of history and architecture of Europe in 25-fold scale. In Brussels, you can relax in the Park”hill of the arts”, or you can drive 14 km to the North of the city, here is the State Botanical garden. Continue reading