The GOTHIC revival, the GOTHIC REVIVAL (Gothic Revival) architectural style, draw inspiration from medieval architecture and the opposing neo-classical revival in the United States and great Britain; on the continent it is possible to find only separate examples of this style. The earliest example of the Renaissance of elements of Gothic architecture is the house of the English writer Horace Walpole — strawberry hill. As in many other buildings of early Gothic was primarily used for its picturesque and romantic qualities, with little consideration for structural deficiencies or unsuitability of the building for its functions. Another ancient example of the trend toward the use of ornament and decorations is built by James Health, the Abbey of Fonte hill — farmhouse with tower height of 82 meters there are Few things more brighter to illustrate both the impracticality of usage and the romantic associations with the middle ages.
The earliest manifestations of nostalgia for the architecture of the Gothic in respect of private buildings, but by 1820 the years, public buildings in England are also beginning to be designed in the Gothic style. Perhaps the most famous example of this architecture — new houses of Parliament (1840), designed by sir Continue reading
Mankind has always had a special thrill in relation to the creations of our imagination and intellect. In General, this is true, because such artifacts distinguish us from animals, and we are proud of:
The oldest extant European book
Which of the extant books is the oldest? It’s a complicated issue, given the fact, the very definition of the word “book” has caused a number of debates. However, it was recognized that the oldest book preserved in perfect condition, is the gospel of St. Cuthbert. This book is leather bound in red, written in the 7th century. In 2012, the British library of London paid her $ 14 million the Belgian congregation of the Jesuits. Its fully digitized version can be found on the Internet. The book is a copy of the gospel of John, written in northeastern England for Saint Cuthbert, and then placed in his coffin. When the Vikings began their first raids on these places, the local monastic community left his abode and together with the coffin of St. Cuthbert moved to Durham. The coffin was opened in 1104, when the construction of a new Church dedicated to this Saint. Since then the book was passed from hand to hand until it came to the Jesuits. Continue reading
The territory of Northern Karelia is studied by ethnographers over four hundred years. Many scientists devote all his time to studying the life and history of the tribe of the Sami are an ancient people who lived here before the active migration of the Slavs in Karelia. Unique spiritual and material culture of the Saami is not only scientific and cognitive interest, because understanding the lifestyle of the ancestors will allow modern people to better understand their own lives.
Pagan beliefs were given mystical power stones, mountains, trees, and various deified natural phenomena. The most widespread was the cult of worship of the seids – detached stones or intricate compositions. It is worth noting that among the peoples living in the tundra zone of Eurasia, the stones occupy a special place. The ancient inhabitants of the Karelian lands were built of stone labyrinths and seids. Almost every mountain and every lake you can find these mysterious constructions made of stone. Continue reading