The most beautiful cities in the world
If you wish to travel the world but don't know where to start, this article is for you. Each of the 10 most beautiful cities in the world represents the…

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The cemetery vampire, Czech Republic
Still people can't find evidence of the existence of the most mysterious and bloodthirsty creatures – vampires. Everything is divided into two camps: some believe, others don't. However, contrary to…

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Winchester Cathedral in England
Winchester Cathedral in England is a real miracle, born during the dark ages. The Cathedral is a very large building, built in the Gothic style. Start of construction of the…

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The medieval Church as a modelling space

The medieval period is a sufficiently long time period — from V to XIV century, i.e., about a Millennium. The term “middle ages” arose in the Renaissance. Thinkers of the Italian Renaissance understood it as a dark “middle” age in the development of European culture, a time of universal decline, lying midway between the brilliant epoch of antiquity and the Renaissance, a new flowering of European culture, a revival of ancient ideals. And though later, in the era of romanticism, there was “light the way” of the middle ages, both the middle ages created a very one-sided and false images this crucial stage in the development of Western culture. Actually everything was much more difficult. It was a complex, diverse, contradictory culture.

Architecture, like every art, has an inherent professional language – the language of architectural forms, is inextricably linked with the human world, with his spiritual dispensation. That is why the meaning and value of architectural forms of the medieval Church can be understood by considering the Church in his idea – as a way of modeling the world picture.

In the symbolism of architectural parts and decorative elements of the temple are disclosed the main features of the respective religion. Continue reading

The oldest artifacts in the world

Mankind has always had a special thrill in relation to the creations of our imagination and intellect. In General, this is true, because such artifacts distinguish us from animals, and we are proud of:

The oldest extant European book

Which of the extant books is the oldest? It’s a complicated issue, given the fact, the very definition of the word “book” has caused a number of debates. However, it was recognized that the oldest book preserved in perfect condition, is the gospel of St. Cuthbert. This book is leather bound in red, written in the 7th century. In 2012, the British library of London paid her $ 14 million the Belgian congregation of the Jesuits. Its fully digitized version can be found on the Internet. The book is a copy of the gospel of John, written in northeastern England for Saint Cuthbert, and then placed in his coffin. When the Vikings began their first raids on these places, the local monastic community left his abode and together with the coffin of St. Cuthbert moved to Durham. The coffin was opened in 1104, when the construction of a new Church dedicated to this Saint. Since then the book was passed from hand to hand until it came to the Jesuits. Continue reading

Labyrinths and seids

The territory of Northern Karelia is studied by ethnographers over four hundred years. Many scientists devote all his time to studying the life and history of the tribe of the Sami are an ancient people who lived here before the active migration of the Slavs in Karelia. Unique spiritual and material culture of the Saami is not only scientific and cognitive interest, because understanding the lifestyle of the ancestors will allow modern people to better understand their own lives.

Pagan beliefs were given mystical power stones, mountains, trees, and various deified natural phenomena. The most widespread was the cult of worship of the seids – detached stones or intricate compositions. It is worth noting that among the peoples living in the tundra zone of Eurasia, the stones occupy a special place. The ancient inhabitants of the Karelian lands were built of stone labyrinths and seids. Almost every mountain and every lake you can find these mysterious constructions made of stone. Continue reading

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Gothic art
The Gothic period is associated with the increase in trade-handicraft cities and strengthening in some countries the feudal monarchies. In the 13th-14th centuries the medieval art of Western and Central…

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Gothic sculptures and their relationship with architecture
In sculpture, the transition from Romanesque to Gothic occurred slightly later than in architecture, but over time its growth continued at an incredibly fast pace. Ancient Gothic sculpture in just…

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