The culture of ancient Mesopotamia is characterized by a high level of science, literature and art, with a clear predominance of religious ideology.
The ancient culture of Mesopotamia — Sumerian-Akkadian (from the names of the two parts of the territory, North and South). The oldest city of our planet, is considered the Sumerian Ur. Many sources show the highest astronomical and mathematical achievements of the Sumerians, their architecture is staggering – they are the first to have built the step pyramid. They created such innovations as prescription reference books, library catalogues, the first calendars.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable.
About 3000 BC, the peoples of Mesopotamia knew the letter and could read. Scrawled on the stone, pressed in clay with the resulting signs, similar to a wedge, meant the whole word, or syllable. Continue reading
Mankind has always had a special thrill in relation to the creations of our imagination and intellect. In General, this is true, because such artifacts distinguish us from animals, and we are proud of:
The oldest extant European book
Which of the extant books is the oldest? It’s a complicated issue, given the fact, the very definition of the word “book” has caused a number of debates. However, it was recognized that the oldest book preserved in perfect condition, is the gospel of St. Cuthbert. This book is leather bound in red, written in the 7th century. In 2012, the British library of London paid her $ 14 million the Belgian congregation of the Jesuits. Its fully digitized version can be found on the Internet. The book is a copy of the gospel of John, written in northeastern England for Saint Cuthbert, and then placed in his coffin. When the Vikings began their first raids on these places, the local monastic community left his abode and together with the coffin of St. Cuthbert moved to Durham. The coffin was opened in 1104, when the construction of a new Church dedicated to this Saint. Since then the book was passed from hand to hand until it came to the Jesuits. Continue reading
Among the attractions of the world, the Church of St. Peter and Maria in Cologne is one of the highest Catholic cathedrals. From the observation deck, located in the tower offer stunning views of the city. To climb to the top of the Cathedral, tourists will have to climb the stairs, of which there are 509 steps.
It is unlikely those who have decided to visit Cologne, you will be able to pass by the Cologne Cathedral – high tower dominates all the buildings of the historic center. Besides, the temple is located near the main railway station, where arrives the majority of tour groups. St. Peter’s Basilica is considered as the most popular sight in Germany – it is annually visited by over 7 million tourists from all over the world. Continue reading